Data Brief

U.S. and Chinese Military AI Purchases

An Assessment of Military Procurement Data between April and November 2020

Margarita Konaev

Ryan Fedasiuk

Jack Corrigan

Ellen Lu

Alex Stephenson

Helen Toner

Rebecca Gelles

August 2023

This data brief uses procurement records published by the U.S. Department of Defense and China’s People’s Liberation Army between April and November of 2020 to assess, and, where appropriate, compare what each military is buying when it comes to artificial intelligence. We find that the two militaries are prioritizing similar application areas, especially intelligent and autonomous vehicles and AI applications for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance.

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