Publications

CSET produces evidence-driven analysis in a variety of forms, from informative graphics and translations to expert testimony and published reports. Our key areas of inquiry are the foundations of artificial intelligence — such as talent, data and computational power — as well as how AI can be used in cybersecurity and other national security settings. We also do research on the policy tools that can be used to shape AI’s development and use, and on biotechnology.

Report

Harnessed Lightning

Ryan Fedasiuk Jennifer Melot Ben Murphy
| October 2021

This report examines nearly 350 artificial intelligence-related equipment contracts awarded by the People’s Liberation Army and state-owned defense enterprises in 2020 to assess how the Chinese military is adopting AI. The report identifies China’s key AI defense industry suppliers, highlights gaps in U.S. export control policies, and contextualizes the PLA’s AI investments within China’s broader strategy to compete militarily with the United States.

Applications and implications


China


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CSET Senior Fellow Andrew Lohn testified before the House of Representatives Homeland Security Subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection, and Innovation at a hearing on "Securing the Future: Harnessing the Potential of Emerging Technologies While Mitigating Security Risks." Lohn discussed the application of AI systems in cybersecurity and AI’s vulnerabilities.

Analysis

Sustaining and Growing the U.S. Semiconductor Advantage: A Primer

Owen Daniels Will Hunt
| June 2022

As an integral player in advanced semiconductor supply chains, the United States enjoys advantages over China in producing and accessing chips for artificial intelligence and other leading-edge computing technologies. However, a lack of domestic production capacity threatens U.S. semiconductor access. The United States can strengthen its advantages by working with allies and partners to prevent China from producing leading-edge chips and by reshoring its own domestic chipmaking capacity.

Data Snapshot

Previewing PARAT 2.0

Autumn Toney
| June 22, 2022

Data Snapshots are informative descriptions and quick analyses that dig into CSET’s unique data resources. This is the tenth and final in a series of Snapshots exploring CSET’s Private-sector AI-Related Activity Tracker (PARAT). We encourage you to explore PARAT, which collects data related to companies’ AI research and development to inform analysis of the global AI sector, and keep an eye out for updates on a new and expanded PARAT 2.0 in the future.

Translation

Ministry of Public Security 2022 Budget

June 16, 2022

See our original translation of the 2022 budget for the PRC Ministry of Public Security.

Translation

Ministry of Education 2022 Budget

June 16, 2022

Read our original translation of the 2022 budget for China’s Ministry of Education.

Translation

Artificial Intelligence White Paper (2022)

June 16, 2022

Read our original translation of a white paper from a Chinese think tank describing the state of AI in China and the world.

Data Visualization

Map of China’s State Key Laboratory System

Emily S. Weinstein Daniel Chou Channing Lee Ryan Fedasiuk Anna Puglisi
|

China’s State Key Laboratory system drives the country’s innovation in science and technology. A key part of China’s aim to reduce its dependence on foreign technology, these labs conduct cutting-edge basic and applied research, attract and train domestic and foreign talent, and conduct academic exchanges with foreign counterparts. These laboratories are spread across almost all Chinese provinces except Tibet, with the majority clustered in large coastal cities.

Data Brief

China’s State Key Laboratory System

Emily S. Weinstein Channing Lee Ryan Fedasiuk Anna Puglisi
| June 2022

China’s State Key Laboratory system drives innovation in science and technology. These labs conduct cutting-edge basic and applied research, attract and train domestic and foreign talent, and conduct academic exchanges with foreign counterparts. This report assesses trends in the research priorities, management structures, and talent recruitment efforts of nearly five hundred Chinese State Key Labs. The accompanying data visualization maps their geographical locations and host institutions.

Analysis

Re-Shoring Advanced Semiconductor Packaging

John VerWey
| June 2022

The semiconductor industry and the U.S. government are engaged in ambitious plans to expand domestic semiconductor manufacturing capacity. Previous CSET research has found that the CHIPS for America Act incentives, if carefully targeted and augmented by adequate regulatory and workforce support, could reverse the observable decline in U.S. semiconductor manufacturing capacity since 1990. This paper argues that targeted investment incentives to increase U.S.-based advanced packaging capacity are also important for innovation, supply chain security, and ongoing semiconductor industry leadership.

Data Snapshot

“Mature” Companies in PARAT

Autumn Toney
| June 8, 2022

Data Snapshots are informative descriptions and quick analyses that dig into CSET’s unique data resources. This is the ninth in a series of Snapshots exploring CSET’s Private-sector AI-Related Activity Tracker (PARAT). Check in every two weeks to see our newest Snapshot, and explore PARAT, which collects data related to companies’ AI research and development to inform analysis of the global AI sector.