Publications

CSET produces evidence-driven analysis in a variety of forms, from informative graphics and translations to expert testimony and published reports. Our key areas of inquiry are the foundations of artificial intelligence — such as talent, data and computational power — as well as how AI can be used in cybersecurity and other national security settings. We also do research on the policy tools that can be used to shape AI’s development and use, and on biotechnology.

Report

China’s Advanced AI Research

William Hannas Huey-Meei Chang Daniel Chou Brian Fleeger
| July 2022

China is following a national strategy to lead the world in artificial intelligence by 2030, including by pursuing “general AI” that can act autonomously in novel circumstances. Open-source research identifies 30 Chinese institutions engaged in one or more of this project‘s aspects, including machine learning, brain-inspired AI, and brain-computer interfaces. This report previews a CSET pilot program that will track China’s progress and provide timely alerts.

Applications and implications


China


Data, algorithms and models


International standing


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Formal Response

Comment to NIST on the AI Risk Management Framework

Mina Narayanan
| September 29, 2022

CSET submitted the following comment in response to the National Institute for Standards and Technology's second draft of its AI Risk Management Framework.

Data Snapshot

GitHub Data: Capturing Open Source Software and Implementation

Christian Schoeberl
| September 28, 2022

Data Snapshots are informative descriptions and quick analyses that dig into CSET’s unique data resources. This new series of Snapshots explores CSET’s GitHub repository dataset, a curated collection of repositories that are AI-related and linked to research publications. Check in every two weeks to see our newest Snapshot exploring this unique dataset and analyzing the role of GitHub’s community in technology research and development.

See our original translation of a 2020 document from China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology describing the country’s strong demand for — and insufficient supply of — artificial intelligence talent.

See our original translation of a 2022 Chinese government plan for making Chinese tech companies more innovative.

Analysis

Downrange: A Survey of China’s Cyber Ranges

Dakota Cary
| September 2022

China is rapidly building cyber ranges that allow cybersecurity teams to test new tools, practice attack and defense, and evaluate the cybersecurity of a particular product or service. The presence of these facilities suggests a concerted effort on the part of the Chinese government, in partnership with industry and academia, to advance technological research and upskill its cybersecurity workforce—more evidence that China has entered near-peer status with the United States in the cyber domain.

Data Snapshot

Upcoming Survey Work at CSET

Ronnie Kinoshita
| September 14, 2022

Data Snapshots are informative descriptions and quick analyses that dig into CSET’s unique data resources. This short series of Snapshots explores some of CSET’s original surveys. Check in every two weeks to see a Snapshot sharing what we learned from surveying AI researchers and professionals.

Data Snapshot

The DOD and the U.S. Tech Sector Relationship

Ronnie Kinoshita
| August 31, 2022

Data Snapshots are informative descriptions and quick analyses that dig into CSET’s unique data resources. This short series of Snapshots explores some of CSET’s original surveys. Check in every two weeks to see a Snapshot sharing what we learned from surveying AI researchers and professionals.

See our original translation of China’s climate change adaptation strategy for the period 2022-2035.

See our original translation of a 2022 white paper, co-authored by China’s prestigious Zhejiang University and Chinese tech company Baidu, that examines China’s system for AI training.

Data Brief

Mapping Biosafety Level-3 Laboratories by Publications

Caroline Schuerger Sara Abdulla Anna Puglisi
| August 2022

Biosafety Level-3 laboratories (BSL-3) are an essential part of research infrastructure and are used to develop vaccines and therapies. The research conducted in them provides insights into host-pathogen interactions that may help prevent future pandemics. However, these facilities also potentially pose a risk to society through lab accidents or misuse. Despite their importance, there is no comprehensive list of BSL-3 facilities, or the institutions in which they are housed. By systematically assessing PubMed articles published in English from 2006-2021, this paper maps institutions that host BSL-3 labs by their locations, augmenting current knowledge of where high-containment research is conducted globally.