CSET produces evidence-driven analysis in a variety of forms, from informative graphics and translations to expert testimony and published reports. Our key areas of inquiry are the foundations of artificial intelligence — such as talent, data and computational power — as well as how AI can be used in cybersecurity and other national security settings. We also do research on the policy tools that can be used to shape AI’s development and use, and on biotechnology.


National Power After AI

Matthew Daniels Ben Chang
| July 2021

AI technologies will likely alter great power competitions in foundational ways, changing both how nations create power and their motives for wielding it against one another. This paper is a first step toward thinking more expansively about AI & national power and seeking pragmatic insights for long-term U.S. competition with authoritarian governments.

Applications and implications


Hardware and compute

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See our original translation of a 2021 PRC white paper describing the importance and difficulty of improving the "trustworthiness" of AI systems.

See our original translation of a 2021 draft PRC government plan for the development of China's cybersecurity industry.

See our original translation of a 2020 PRC provincial government plan to boost the semiconductor manufacturing industry.

See our original translation of a 2017 Wuhan City government document outlining policies to encourage the development of Wuhan's National Cybersecurity Talent and Innovation Base.

See our original translation of a 2012 PRC regulation governing the establishment, operation, and evaluation of state key laboratories housed in corporations.

See our original translation of a 2016 PRC Ministry of Science and Technology press conference announcing the creation of China's overarching "National Key R&D Program."

A CSET original translation of 2021 PRC "Opinions" outlining new policies for Pudong New District in Shanghai, long a trendsetter in Chinese economic reform.

See our original translation of a 2021 Chinese Ministry of Industry and Information Technology 5G plan.


35 Key “Stranglehold” Technologies

August 16, 2021

See our original translation of a 2018 Chinese Ministry of Education Article.