Publications

CSET produces evidence-driven analysis in a variety of forms, from informative graphics and translations to expert testimony and published reports. Our key areas of inquiry are the foundations of artificial intelligence — such as talent, data and computational power — as well as how AI can be used in cybersecurity and other national security settings. We also do research on the policy tools that can be used to shape AI’s development and use, and on biotechnology.

Report

Harnessed Lightning

Ryan Fedasiuk Jennifer Melot Ben Murphy
| October 2021

This report examines nearly 350 artificial intelligence-related equipment contracts awarded by the People’s Liberation Army and state-owned defense enterprises in 2020 to assess how the Chinese military is adopting AI. The report identifies China’s key AI defense industry suppliers, highlights gaps in U.S. export control policies, and contextualizes the PLA’s AI investments within China’s broader strategy to compete militarily with the United States.

Applications and implications


China


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See our original translation of a 2020 document from China's standards-setting body calling for specific standards for AI technologies.

See our original translation of a Standards Development Announcement from China's state press agency, Xinhua News Agency.

See our original translation of a Chinese state-run think tank's report assessing the country's computing power.

See our original translation of excerpts from Shanghai’s five-year plan for S&T development.

See our original translation of a 2021 PRC state AI governance committee document on the ethical norms for AI use.

See our original translation of a 2021 PRC think tank white paper about government standards-setting related to AI.

See our original translation of a 2021 PRC State Council updated plan to improve the "scientific literacy" of China's population.

See our original translation of a 2021 PRC white paper describing the importance and difficulty of improving the "trustworthiness" of AI systems.

See our original translation of a 2012 PRC regulation governing the establishment, operation, and evaluation of state key laboratories housed in corporations.

See our original translation of a 2020 PRC provincial government plan to boost the semiconductor manufacturing industry.