CSET produces evidence-driven analysis in a variety of forms, from informative graphics and translations to expert testimony and published reports. Our key areas of inquiry are the foundations of artificial intelligence — such as talent, data and computational power — as well as how AI can be used in cybersecurity and other national security settings. We also do research on the policy tools that can be used to shape AI’s development and use, and on biotechnology.


“The Main Resource is the Human”

Micah Musser Rebecca Gelles Ronnie Kinoshita Catherine Aiken Andrew Lohn
| April 2023

Progress in artificial intelligence (AI) depends on talented researchers, well-designed algorithms, quality datasets, and powerful hardware. The relative importance of these factors is often debated, with many recent “notable” models requiring massive expenditures of advanced hardware. But how important is computational power for AI progress in general? This data brief explores the results of a survey of more than 400 AI researchers to evaluate the importance and distribution of computational needs.





Filter publications

Read our original translation of a significant Party and government reorganization plan that China’s parliament, the National People’s Congress, passed in March 2023.

This is a Chinese translation of Secretary of Commerce Gina Raimondo's Feb 23, 2023 speech at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service, titled “The CHIPS Act and a Long-term Vision for America’s Technological Leadership.”


Kína külföldi technológiára irányuló kívánság listája

Ryan Fedasiuk Emily S. Weinstein Anna Puglisi
| April 6, 2023

This is a Hungarian translation of the May 2021 CSET Issue Brief “China’s Foreign Technology Wish List.”


«Список пожеланий» Китая в области иностранных технологий

Ryan Fedasiuk Emily S. Weinstein Anna Puglisi
| April 6, 2023

This is a Russian translation of the May 2021 CSET Issue Brief “China’s Foreign Technology Wish List.”

Read our original translation of an article that describes China’s “National Security Academic Fund,” which supports the China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), China’s nuclear weapons research, development, and testing laboratory.

Read our original translation of China’s short- to mid-term strategy for expanding domestic demand in its economy.

See our original translation of South Korea’s industrial technology protection law, as amended in January 2023. The law aims to prevent technologies vital to South Korean national security or economic competitiveness from being divulged to or shared with foreign countries or corporations without the government’s knowledge.

Read our original translation of a draft Chinese national standard for the security of machine learning (ML) algorithms. Drafted by Chinese government entities and tech companies, the standard provides security guidelines for developers of ML models and procedures for assessing ML algorithms’ susceptibility to cyberattacks.

Read our original translation of the 2022 budget of the All-China Federation of Returned Overseas Chinese, a Communist Party-led organization that liaises with ethnic Chinese people living outside of mainland China and encourages them to support the Party in various ways.

Read our original translation of an Israeli government document, which took effect in 2022, that details the process by which the government conducts national security reviews of foreign investments. This document strengthens and expands the scope of earlier foreign investment screening rules that the Israeli government adopted in 2019.