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China’s New Data and Algorithms Laws — Plus More PRC Tech News: Recent developments in China — including several major pieces of legislation — will likely affect data management, cybersecurity and AI development globally:
Police Use of Gunshot-Detecting AI Attracts Criticism: Shotspotter — an AI-powered gunshot detection system used by police departments in a number of U.S. cities — is coming under increased scrutiny after government and media reports called its accuracy into question. Vice News and the Associated Press reported on Chicago’s use of the system after a 65-year-old man was charged with murder, in part based on ShotSpotter evidence, only to have his case dismissed. Court documents showed that ShotSpotter had originally classified the alleged fatal gunshot as a firecracker at a location a mile away from the accused and the victim before a ShotSpotter employee manually changed the location and relabeled the noise. Then last month, a report from the City of Chicago’s Inspector General concluded that “responses to ShotSpotter alerts rarely produce evidence of a gun-related crime,” and questioned the system’s “operational value.” The ShotSpotter system has been installed in more than 100 U.S. cities and costs up to $95,000 per square mile per year to operate, according to the AP.
Senate Committee Approves FY 2022 Intelligence Authorization Act: In July, the Senate Intelligence Committee unanimously approved its Fiscal Year 2022 Intelligence Authorization Act. The unclassified portions of the bill, published last month, include several provisions related to AI and emerging technology:
Sec. 336 requires the Director of National Intelligence to report to Congress on trends in technologies of strategic importance to the United States and areas in which competitors are poised to match or surpass the United States.
Sec. 340 requires the DNI to develop a plan for establishing a modern digital ecosystem for the development, testing, fielding and updating of AI systems.
Sec. 343 requires the DNI to report to Congress on the potential to strengthen all-source intelligence integration on foreign cyber threats, with a particular focus on cyber supply chain risks.
Sec. 352 requires the DNI to submit to Congress a plan to increase cooperation with the intelligence agencies of key democratic partners regarding technological competition with China.
Sec. 601 requires the president to report to Congress annually with a technology strategy to maintain U.S. leadership in critical and emerging technologies relevant to U.S. national security.
Timing for full Senate consideration of the bill has not yet been announced. The FY 2021 IAA was ultimately included in the final National Defense Authorization Act signed into law earlier this year.
$250 million above the president’s request for AI information and communications technology applied research.
$257.8 million above the president’s request for JAIC operational systems development.
Sec. 218 introduces a pilot program for using intermediaries, such as state or local government entities, to connect DOD with technology producers and more quickly move research programs from the prototyping stage to implementation.
Sec. 6003 specifically directs DOD to establish a “national network for microelectronics research and development,” originally authorized by the FY2021 NDAA.
Title LII addresses a number of recommendations made by the National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence, which submitted its report to Congress earlier this year. NSCAI recommendations in the bill include provisions directing the Secretary of Defense to: develop a resourcing plan for a digital ecosystem to enable faster development, testing and fielding of AI systems; designate a chief digital recruiting officer within the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness; and set AI readiness goals for the Department.
In Translation CSET’s translations of significant foreign language documents on AI
PRC Think Tank White Paper:White Paper on Trustworthy Artificial Intelligence. This paper co-authored by a PRC state think tank describes the importance and difficulty of improving the “trustworthiness” of AI systems. The authors recommend increased use of methods such as federated learning and differential privacy to strengthen AI systems’ capability to withstand cyberattacks. The white paper’s policy recommendations include drafting more Chinese legislation related to trustworthy AI, developing commercial AI insurance policies, and taking a cautious approach to research on artificial general intelligence (AGI).
If you have a foreign-language document related to security and emerging technologies that you’d like translated into English, CSET may be able to help! Click here for details.
Job Openings and New Funding
CSET is happy to announce an increase in grant funding, bringing our total funds to more than $100 million and enabling us to continue our work at the intersection of emerging tech and security. With that exciting news comes even more — CSET is hiring! Please apply or share the roles below with candidates in your network:
AI Research Subgrant (AIRS) Program Director: CSET’s AIRS program will promote the exploration of foundational technical topics that relate to the potential national security implications of AI over the long term via research subgrants. The Director of AIRS will manage all technical, programmatic, and financial aspects of the new AIRS program. Apply now!
Research Fellow – Cyber/AI: CSET’s CyberAI project is currently seeking Research Fellow candidates to focus on machine learning (ML) applications for cybersecurity to assess their potential and identify recommendations for policymakers (background in ML programming or cybersecurity highly desired:). Complete your application by October 1!
Senior Fellow: CSET’s Senior Fellows provide mentorship and intellectual leadership; shape and lead lines of inquiry and research projects aligned to our research priorities; and facilitate engagements with government, military, academic, and industry leaders. Apply now!
Please visit CSET’s careers page to stay up to date on all active job postings.
Breaking Defense:Another article by Williams — this one about China’s new data security law — quoted Research Analyst Dakota Cary, who discussed the implications of the law for China’s offensive cyber operations.
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