Cybersecurity

The Huawei Moment

Alex Rubin Alan Omar Loera Martinez Jake Dow Anna Puglisi
| July 2021

For the first time, a Chinese company—Huawei—is set to lead the global transition from one key national security infrastructure technology to the next. How did Washington, at the beginning of the twenty-first century, fail to protect U.S. firms in this strategic technology and allow a geopolitical competitor to take a leadership position in a national security relevant critical infrastructure such as telecommunications? This policy brief highlights the characteristics of 5G development that China leveraged, exploited, and supported to take the lead in this key technology. The Huawei case study is in some ways the canary in the coal mine for emerging technologies and an illustration of what can happen to U.S. competitiveness when China’s companies do not have to base decisions on market forces.

Senior Fellow Andrew Lohn discusses the threats and vulnerabilities AI systems, especially the Pentagon's, are susceptible to in his recent CSET report Poison in the Well

What can the U.S. do to prevent cyberattacks from China?

Marketplace Public Radio
| July 19, 2021

CSET Senior Fellow Andrew Lohn weighs in on the latest Microsoft cyberattack.

Microsoft Print Spooler, Kesaya ransomware mega-hack

Security Conversations
| July 6, 2021

Featured in Security Conversation's newsletter, Micah Musser's report "Machine Learning and Cybersecurity" is well worth the read.

AI Accidents: An Emerging Threat

Zachary Arnold Helen Toner
| July 2021

As modern machine learning systems become more widely used, the potential costs of malfunctions grow. This policy brief describes how trends we already see today—both in newly deployed artificial intelligence systems and in older technologies—show how damaging the AI accidents of the future could be. It describes a wide range of hypothetical but realistic scenarios to illustrate the risks of AI accidents and offers concrete policy suggestions to reduce these risks.

National Cybersecurity Center Map

Dakota Cary Jennifer Melot
| July 2021

China wants to be a “cyber powerhouse” (网络强国). At the heart of this mission is the sprawling 40 km2 campus of the National Cybersecurity Center. Formally called the National Cybersecurity Talent and Innovation Base (国家网络安全人才与创新基地), the NCC is being built in Wuhan. The campus, which China began constructing in 2017 and is still building, includes seven centers for research, talent cultivation, and entrepreneurship; two government-focused laboratories; and a National Cybersecurity School.

Poison in the Well

Andrew Lohn
| June 2021

Modern machine learning often relies on open-source datasets, pretrained models, and machine learning libraries from across the internet, but are those resources safe to use? Previously successful digital supply chain attacks against cyber infrastructure suggest the answer may be no. This report introduces policymakers to these emerging threats and provides recommendations for how to secure the machine learning supply chain.

A new CSET report by Micah Musser and Ashton Garriott explores the use of machine learning in cyber defense.

Machine Learning and Cybersecurity

Micah Musser Ashton Garriott
| June 2021

Cybersecurity operators have increasingly relied on machine learning to address a rising number of threats. But will machine learning give them a decisive advantage or just help them keep pace with attackers? This report explores the history of machine learning in cybersecurity and the potential it has for transforming cyber defense in the near future.

CSET Senior Fellow Andrew Lohn weighs the strengths and weakness of AI used in cybersecurity.