Militaries seek to harness artificial intelligence for decision advantage. Yet AI systems introduce a new source of uncertainty in the likelihood of technical failures. Such failures could interact with strategic and human factors in ways that lead to miscalculation and escalation in a crisis or conflict. Harnessing AI effectively requires managing these risk trade-offs by reducing the likelihood, and containing the consequences of, AI failures.
CSET Research Fellow Margarita Konaev anticipates a shift in the U.S. military's modernization of major weapons systems and AI capabilities now that the U.S. is pivoting away from counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism operations in the Middle East.
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