Investment

CSET Legislation Tracker

Daniel Hague Jennifer Melot
| September 2021

The CSET Legislation Tracker serves as a resource to identify and monitor U.S. federal legislation related to emerging technology and national security, with a particular focus on measures relevant to CSET’s key areas of inquiry such as research security, S&T development, and funding for hardware design and manufacturing capabilities. The tracker includes identifying information for each piece of legislation, links to related CSET analyses, and access to associated congressional hearings, among other items.

A new CSET report "Headline or Trend Line? Evaluating Chinese-Russian Collaboration in AI" uses data-backed analysis to address the Sino-Russian partnership and its effect on U.S. strategic interests.

Headline or Trend Line?

Margarita Konaev Andrew Imbrie Ryan Fedasiuk Emily Weinstein Katerina Sedova James Dunham
| August 2021

Chinese and Russian government officials are keen to publicize their countries’ strategic partnership in emerging technologies, particularly artificial intelligence. This report evaluates the scope of cooperation between China and Russia as well as relative trends over time in two key metrics of AI development: research publications and investment. The findings expose gaps between aspirations and reality, bringing greater accuracy and nuance to current assessments of Sino-Russian tech cooperation.

House Hearing Airs Cases For and Against Semiconductor Funding Surge

American Institute of Physics
| August 10, 2021

CSET's Will Hunt advocates for the CHIPS Act as part of his testimony before the House Intelligence Committee to strengthen the U.S.' semiconductor industry.

Pull US AI Research Out of China

Defense One
| August 10, 2021

CSET research shows that 10 percent of the AI labs for Facebook, Google, IBM and Microsoft are based in China.

According to a CSET study Microsoft, Google, Amazon, IBM, Facebook and Apple are the six tech companies that spend the most on AI R&D.

A CSET study on China's use of guidance funds shows that Chinese governments at all levels have established 1,741 industrial guidance funds—in effect, state-sponsored private equity—with plans to deploy $1.6 trillion.

Ending Innovation Tourism

Melissa Flagg Jack Corrigan
| July 2021

As dual-use technologies transform the national security landscape, the U.S. Department of Defense has established a variety of offices and programs dedicated to bringing private sector innovation into the military. However, these efforts have largely failed to drive cutting-edge commercial technology into major military platforms and systems. This report examines the shortcomings of the DOD’s current approach to defense innovation and offers recommendations for a more effective strategy.

The Huawei Moment

Alex Rubin Alan Omar Loera Martinez Jake Dow Anna Puglisi
| July 2021

For the first time, a Chinese company—Huawei—is set to lead the global transition from one key national security infrastructure technology to the next. How did Washington, at the beginning of the twenty-first century, fail to protect U.S. firms in this strategic technology and allow a geopolitical competitor to take a leadership position in a national security relevant critical infrastructure such as telecommunications? This policy brief highlights the characteristics of 5G development that China leveraged, exploited, and supported to take the lead in this key technology. The Huawei case study is in some ways the canary in the coal mine for emerging technologies and an illustration of what can happen to U.S. competitiveness when China’s companies do not have to base decisions on market forces.

National Cybersecurity Center Map

Dakota Cary Jennifer Melot
| July 2021

China wants to be a “cyber powerhouse” (网络强国). At the heart of this mission is the sprawling 40 km2 campus of the National Cybersecurity Center. Formally called the National Cybersecurity Talent and Innovation Base (国家网络安全人才与创新基地), the NCC is being built in Wuhan. The campus, which China began constructing in 2017 and is still building, includes seven centers for research, talent cultivation, and entrepreneurship; two government-focused laboratories; and a National Cybersecurity School.