This is an original CSET translation of the 2019 budget of the PRC Ministry of Public Security, which is responsible for China's police forces and for maintaining social stability.

China’s Use of AI in its COVID-19 Response

Emily Weinstein
| August 2020

The current global pandemic has given China a chance to amplify its efforts to apply artificial intelligence across the public and private spheres. Chinese companies are developing and retooling AI systems for control and prevention. This data brief assesses the types of AI technologies used to fight COVID-19 and the key players involved in this industry.

See our original translation of the final 2017 budget for the PRC State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs (SAFEA).

See our original translation of the 2018 document detailing China’s significant reorganization of party departments and government ministries.

See our translation of the 2017 budget for the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the PRC State Council, which was responsible for education, propaganda, and other services aimed at Chinese nationals living abroad. The Overseas Chinese Affairs Office was eliminated in a 2018 Chinese government reorganization and its functions were assigned to the Central United Front Work Department.

See our translation of the 2019 budget for China's central bank, the People's Bank of China.

The world is watching how the Chinese military develops and deploys artificial intelligence—but how exactly will it apply AI? This policy brief analyzes Chinese experts’ arguments about AI and prospective warfighting capabilities, identifying prevailing concerns about strategic stability and unintended escalation.

See our translation of a draft export control bill that was being considered by China’s parliament, the National People’s Congress, as of July 2020. The bill limits exports of dual-use items, military equipment, nuclear materials and other goods of counterproliferation concern. It also sets penalties for Chinese exporters who violate the provisions of the bill.

See our translation of a 2018 article by a Chinese state think tank praising the U.S. integration of the military and civilian industrial bases as a model for China. The article argues that China can learn much about "military-civil fusion" from U.S. legislation on this issue.

Messier than Oil: Assessing Data Advantage in Military AI

Husanjot Chahal Ryan Fedasiuk Carrick Flynn
| July 2020

Both China and the United States seek to develop military applications enabled by artificial intelligence. This issue brief reviews the obstacles to assessing data competitiveness and provides metrics for measuring data advantage.