China

From China to San Francisco: The Location of Investors in Top U.S. AI Startups

Rebecca Kagan Rebecca Gelles Zachary Arnold
| February 2021

Foreign investors comprise a significant portion of investors in top U.S. AI startups, with China as the leading location. The authors analyze investment data in the U.S. AI startup ecosystem both domestically and abroad, outlining the sources of global investment.

China’s STI Operations

William Hannas Huey-Meei Chang
| January 2021

Open source intelligence (OSINT) and science and technology intelligence (STI) are realized differently in the United States and China, China putting greater value on both. In the United States’ understanding, OSINT “enables” classified reporting, while in China it is the intelligence of first resort. This contrast extends to STI which has a lower priority in the U.S. system, whereas China and its top leaders personally lavish great attention on STI and rely on it for national decisions. Establishing a “National S&T Analysis Center” within the U.S. government could help to address these challenges.

CSET report reveals that most workers and researchers in the field of artificial intelligence come from overseas.

Buying Silence: The Price of Internet Censorship in China

The Jamestown Foundation
| January 12, 2021

CSET Research Analyst Ryan Fedasiuk analyzes China's investment in internet and social media censorship.

Editor’s Notes: China’s STEM Students in U.S. Pose Problem

National Defense Magazine
| January 12, 2021

Research from a CSET analysis emphasizes the growing number of Chinese students studying STEM in the United States.

U.S. research security requires trust and collaboration between those conducting R&D and the federal government. Most R&D takes place in the private sector, outside of government authority and control, and researchers are wary of federal government or law enforcement involvement in their work. Despite these challenges, as adversaries work to extract science, technology, data and know-how from the United States, the U.S. government is pursuing an ambitious research security initiative. In order to secure the 78 percent of U.S. R&D funded outside the government, authors Melissa Flagg and Zachary Arnold propose a new, public-private research security clearinghouse, with leadership from academia, business, philanthropy, and government and a presence in the most active R&D hubs across the United States.

CSET senior fellow Anna Puglisi comments on a busted theft of U.S. semiconductor secrets. "Technological knowledge is as important as the actual widgets."

Research from a CSET report reveals that more than a dozen U.S. tech firms have collaborative programs with China contributing to China's expanding defense efforts.

CSET research analyst Will Hunt hopes for the incoming Biden administration to use a targeted approach to China over semiconductors.

CSET research analyst Emily Weinstein discusses how China's talent programs have become more secretive under US scrutiny and highlights CSET's Chinese Talent Program Tracker.