China

CSET's Daniel Chou provides an update on previous CSET research exploring China's security forces' AI research portfolio.

Map of China’s State Key Laboratory System

Emily S. Weinstein Daniel Chou Channing Lee Ryan Fedasiuk Anna Puglisi
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China’s State Key Laboratory system drives the country’s innovation in science and technology. A key part of China’s aim to reduce its dependence on foreign technology, these labs conduct cutting-edge basic and applied research, attract and train domestic and foreign talent, and conduct academic exchanges with foreign counterparts. These laboratories are spread across almost all Chinese provinces except Tibet, with the majority clustered in large coastal cities.

China’s State Key Laboratory System

Emily S. Weinstein Channing Lee Ryan Fedasiuk Anna Puglisi
| June 2022

China’s State Key Laboratory system drives innovation in science and technology. These labs conduct cutting-edge basic and applied research, attract and train domestic and foreign talent, and conduct academic exchanges with foreign counterparts. This report assesses trends in the research priorities, management structures, and talent recruitment efforts of nearly five hundred Chinese State Key Labs. The accompanying data visualization maps their geographical locations and host institutions.

Biden’s War on Chinese Computer Chips Harms Americans

The National Interest
| June 12, 2022

A CSET study found that the United States currently builds fewer fabs than the rest of the world.

In an analysis of China's use of guidance funds, a CSET study found that guidance funds are poorly conceived and implemented, and that the mechanism as a whole is often inefficient.

In an opinion piece for The National Interest, Research Analyst Dahlia Peterson argues why the United States and its allies should levy Magnitsky sanctions on Chinese AI surveillance giant Hikvision for its role in Xinjiang.

China’s Industrial Clusters

Anna Puglisi Daniel Chou
| June 2022

China is banking on applying AI to biotechnology research in order to transform itself into a “biotech superpower.” In pursuit of that goal, it has emphasized bringing together different aspects of the development cycle to foster multidisciplinary research. This data brief examines the emerging trend of co-location of AI and biotechnology researchers and explores the potential impact it will have on this growing field.

CSET's translation and analysis of China's "Science and Technology Daily" newspaper reveals China's "chokepoints."

Chokepoints

Ben Murphy
| May 2022

China’s "Science and Technology Daily," a state-run newspaper, published a revealing series of articles in 2018 on 35 different Chinese technological import dependencies. The articles, accessible here in English for the first time, express concern that strategic Chinese industries are vulnerable to any disruption to their supply of specific U.S., Japanese, and European “chokepoint” technologies. This issue brief summarizes the article series and analyzes the Chinese perspective on these import dependencies and their causes.

The Navy Must Learn to Hide from Algorithms

U.S. Naval Institute
| May 2022

Looking at adversarial military AI systems, a CSET study found that the People's Liberation Army spends more than $1.6 billion each year on AI-related systems and equipment.