Research Security, Collaboration, and the Changing Map of Global R&D

Melissa Flagg

Autumn Toney

Paul Harris

June 2021

The global map of research has shifted dramatically over the last 20 years. Annual global investment in research and development has tripled, and the United States’ share of both global R&D funding and total research output is diminishing. The open research system, with its expanding rates of investment and interconnectedness, has delivered tremendous benefits to many nations but also created new challenges for research integrity and security.

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