Publications

CSET produces evidence-driven analysis in a variety of forms, from informative graphics and translations to expert testimony and published reports. Our key areas of inquiry are the foundations of artificial intelligence — such as talent, data and computational power — as well as how AI can be used in cybersecurity and other national security settings. We also do research on the policy tools that can be used to shape AI’s development and use, and on biotechnology.

Analysis

Which Ties Will Bind?

Sam Bresnick Ngor Luong Kathleen Curlee
| February 2024

U.S. technology companies have become important actors in modern conflicts, and several of them have meaningfully contributed to Ukraine’s defense. But many of these companies are deeply entangled with China, potentially complicating their decision-making in a potential Taiwan contingency.

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Data Snapshot

Introducing the Cyber Jobs Dataset

Maggie Wu
| February 6, 2024

This data snapshot is the first in a series on CSET’s cybersecurity jobs data, a new dataset created by classifying data from 513 million LinkedIn user profiles. Here, we offer an overview of its creation and explore some use cases for analysis.

Data Snapshot

The U.S. AI Workforce: Analyzing Current Supply and Growth

Sonali Subbu Rathinam
| January 30, 2024

Understanding the current state of the AI workforce is essential as the U.S. prepares an AI-ready workforce. This Data Snapshot provides the latest estimates for the AI workforce by using data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2022 American Community Survey. It also highlights the changes in size and composition of the AI workforce since our earlier analysis of data from 2018.

Formal Response

Comment on DHS’s Proposed Rule Modernizing H-1B Requirements

Luke Koslosky
| December 2023

CSET submitted the following comment in response to a DHS Notice on Proposed Rule-Making from the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services about modernizing H-1B requirements, providing flexibility in the F-1 program, and program improvements affecting other nonimmigrant workers

CSET submitted the following comment in response to a Request for Comment (RFC) from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) about a draft memorandum providing guidance to government agencies regarding the appointment of Chief AI Officers, Risk Management for AI, and other processes following the October 30, 2023 Executive Order on AI.

Analysis

Assessing China’s AI Workforce

Dahlia Peterson Ngor Luong Jacob Feldgoise
| November 2023

Demand for talent is one of the core elements of technological competition between the United States and China. In this issue brief, we explore demand signals in China’s domestic AI workforce in two ways: geographically and within the defense and surveillance sectors. Our exploration of job postings from Spring 2021 finds that more than three-quarters of all AI job postings are concentrated in just three regions: the Yangtze River Delta region, the Pearl River Delta, and the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei area.

Analysis

DOD’s Emerging Digital Workforce

Diana Gehlhaus Ron Hodge Jonathan Rotner
| October 2023

This report summarizes recent DOD digital workforce trends as an update to our 2021 report. We expanded our definition of AI talent to include data, analytics, software, and AI, referred to here as the “digital workforce,” to be more aligned with Department needs and current workforce planning efforts. We find that the Department of Defense continues to struggle with their ability to define, identify, develop, assign, promote, and retain digital talent.

Translation

Translation Snapshot: Chinese Overseas Talent Recruitment

Ben Murphy
| September 6, 2023

Translation Snapshots are short posts that highlight related translations produced by CSET’s in-house translation team. Each snapshot identifies relevant translations, provides short summaries, and links to the full translations. Check back regularly for additional Translation Snapshots highlighting our work.

Analysis

The Race for U.S. Technical Talent

Diana Gehlhaus James Ryseff Jack Corrigan
| August 2023

Technical talent is vital to innovation and economic growth, and attracting these highly mobile workers is critical to staying on the cutting-edge of the technological frontier. Conventional wisdom holds that the defense community generally struggles to access this talent pool. This policy brief uses LinkedIn data to track the movement of tech workers between industries and metro areas, with a particular focus on the U.S. Department of Defense, the defense industrial base, and the so-called “Big Tech” companies.

CSET submitted the following comment in response to a Request for Information (RFI) from the National Science Foundation (NSF) about the development of the newly established Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships (TIP) Directorate, in accordance with the CHIPS and Science Act of 2022.

Data Brief

Building the Cybersecurity Workforce Pipeline

Luke Koslosky Ali Crawford Sara Abdulla
| June 2023

Creating adequate talent pipelines for the cybersecurity workforce is an ongoing priority for the federal government. Understanding the effectiveness of current education initiatives will help policymakers make informed decisions. This report analyzes the National Centers of Academic Excellence in Cyber (NCAE-C), a consortium of institutions designated as centers of excellence by the National Security Agency. It aims to determine how NCAE-C designated institutions fare compared to other schools in graduating students with cyber-related degrees and credentials.