Forecasting Potential Misuses of Language Models for Disinformation Campaigns—and How to Reduce Risk

Josh A. Goldstein

Girish Sastry

Micah Musser

Renée DiResta

Matthew Gentzel

Katerina Sedova

January 2023

Machine learning advances have powered the development of new and more powerful generative language models. These systems are increasingly able to write text at near human levels. In a new report, authors at CSET, OpenAI, and the Stanford Internet Observatory explore how language models could be misused for influence operations in the future, and they provide a framework for assessing potential mitigation strategies.

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