Research

CSET produces evidence-driven analysis in a variety of forms, from informative graphics and translations to expert testimony and published reports. Our key areas of inquiry are the foundations of AI — such as talent, data and computational power — as well as how it can be used in cybersecurity and other national security settings. We also do research focusing on the policy tools that can be used to shape AI’s development and use.

Report

China AI-Brain Research

William Hannas Huey-Meei Chang Catherine Aiken Daniel Chou
| September 2020

Since 2016, China has engaged in a nationwide effort to "merge" AI and neuroscience research as a major part of its next-generation AI development program. This report explores China’s AI-brain program — identifying key players and organizations and recommending the creation of an open source S&T monitoring capability within the U.S. government.

Applications and implications


China


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Technical leadership in the semiconductor industry has been a cornerstone of U.S. military and economic power for decades, but continued competitiveness is not guaranteed. This issue brief exploring the composition of the workforce bolstering U.S. leadership in the semiconductor industry concludes that immigration restrictions are directly at odds with U.S. efforts to secure its supply chains.

Analysis

China AI-Brain Research

William Hannas Huey-Meei Chang Catherine Aiken Daniel Chou
| September 2020

Since 2016, China has engaged in a nationwide effort to "merge" AI and neuroscience research as a major part of its next-generation AI development program. This report explores China’s AI-brain program — identifying key players and organizations and recommending the creation of an open source S&T monitoring capability within the U.S. government.

Analysis

System Re-engineering

Melissa Flagg
| September 2020

The United States must adopt a new approach to R&D policy to optimize the diversity of the current system, manage the risks of system dispersion and deliver the benefits of R&D to society. This policy brief provides a new framework for understanding the U.S. R&D ecosystem and recommendations for repositioning the role of the federal government in R&D.

CSET has prepared policy recommendations for the next presidential administration to consider in five areas key to U.S. leadership in artificial intelligence.

Analysis

An Alliance-Centered Approach to AI

Andrew Imbrie Ryan Fedasiuk
| September 2020

Collaborating with allies to shape the trajectory of artificial intelligence and protect against digital authoritarianism

Analysis

Open-Source Intelligence for S&T Analysis

Tarun Chhabra William Hannas Dewey Murdick Anna Puglisi
| September 2020

Establishing a new open-source National Science and Technology Analysis Center

Analysis

Bolstering U.S. Research Security

Melissa Flagg Zachary Arnold
| September 2020

Establishing a new public-private institution to improve American research security

Analysis

Optional Practical Training

Zachary Arnold Remco Zwetsloot
| September 2020

Preserving pathways for high-skilled foreign talent critical to U.S. leadership in artificial intelligence.

Analysis

Multilateral Controls on Hardware Chokepoints

Carrick Flynn Saif M. Khan
| September 2020

Protecting international security and human rights by using multilateral controls on semiconductor manufacturing equipment and advanced chips

How should the United States understand and respond to China’s technologically driven mass surveillance, internment and indoctrination in Xinjiang? Dahlia Peterson offers a set of policy recommendations in a coauthored report for the Brookings Institution.