The following document is the 2019 budget of the PRC Ministry of Public Security, which is responsible for China’s police forces and for maintaining social stability.
Source: MPS website. The MPS 2019 budget is undated (other than the year), but most other PRC government ministries released their budgets to the public in early April of that year.
Chinese Source Text is available at: https://web.archive.org/web/20200528202125/https://app.mps.gov.cn/n2257048/n2257065/c6456394/part/6456409.pdf
US $1 ≈ 7 Chinese Yuan Renminbi (RMB), as of August 20, 2020.
Translator: Etcetera Language Group, Inc.
Editor: Ben Murphy, CSET Translation Lead
Part I. Overview: The Ministry of Public Security
I. Main functions
The Ministry of Public Security, being a constituent ministry of the State Council, oversees public security matters nationwide. It is the topmost leading and coordinating organ of China’s public security work. Due to a reorganization still underway, main functions of the Ministry of Public Security are disclosed here in the pre-reorganization form, including:
(1) Researching and developing public security work policies and principles. Drafting relevant laws and regulations. Guiding, overseeing, and inspecting public security work nationwide.
(2) Keeping track of activities that undermine social stability, domestic security, and social safety (社会治安). Guiding and overseeing local public security departments, according to law, on investigating activities endangering social safety and order. Managing according to law household registration, national ID cards, firearms and ammunition, hazardous substances, and special industries.
(3) Overseeing and guiding crime investigation. Coordinating the disposition of critical crime cases, public security incidents, and mass incidents. Overseeing terrorism prevention and counter-terrorism.
(4) Managing nationality, port, and border inspection works according to laws. Providing guidance and overseeing traffic safety and traffic order, as well as motor vehicle and driver management.
(5) Providing guidance for and overseeing the safeguarding of government organs, social groups, enterprises, public institutions1, and major construction projects as provided by local public security departments. Such duties also extend to the security functions of civilian security guard organizations and the security of the public information network.
(6) Providing guidance for and overseeing local public security departments to ensure the latter lawfully uphold law enforcement, administer penalties, and do supervision and inspection. Providing guidance for the management of jails, detention centers, and compulsory drug addiction treatment centers.
(7) Organizing and implementing security guard duties for Party and state leaders, as well as foreign visitors of significance.
(8) Organizing and implementing public security-related science and technology work. Planning public security and forensic technology developments. Developing police safety standards and systems for public security departments, including police equipment, uniform provision, and funding.
(9) Organizing exchanges and collaborations with international police forces, including Interpol, police forces of foreign countries, and those of the Hong Kong and Macau Special Administrative Regions (SAR) and the Taiwan region. Fulfilling international treaties and cooperation agreements.
(10) Developing guidelines and measures for the training, education, and propaganda directed toward the staff of public security organs. Managing cadres within appropriate power. Overseeing legal system work in public security organs. Developing police force supervision and work regulations and overseeing such supervision processes. Investigating or supervising major law enforcement internal discipline incidents. Defending police officers’ due rights in law enforcement.
For the next step, according to the Plan for Deepening the Reform of Party and State Agencies as reviewed and passed on the 3rd Plenum of the 19th Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, and the State Council Agency Reform Plan as reviewed and passed at the 1st session of the 13th National People’s Congress (NPC), and the Plan for the Layout of Special Agencies, Agencies, Offices, and Public Institutions Directly Subordinate to the State Council, as deliberated and adopted at the 1st executive meeting of the State Council, functions of the Ministry of Public Security will undergo necessary adjustments.
II Departmental Budget Unit Composition
Due to a reorganization still underway, the architecture of the Ministry of Public Security is disclosed here in the pre-reorganization form, including the General Office, the Personnel Training Bureau, the Security Management Bureau, the Crime Investigation Bureau, the Traffic Regulation Bureau, and the Legal System Bureau.
The Ministry of Public Security’s 2019 budget covers 31 law enforcement, scientific research, and training units, such as the organs of the Ministry itself, [Kunming] Dog Base of Public Security (公安部警犬基地), the Forensics Center, the Traffic Management Research Institute, People’s Public Security University of China, Criminal Investigation Police University of China, and Railway Police College.
The funding for 5 industry-specific police departments, including the public security bureaus of the Ministry of Transport and the Civil Aviation Administration, are not covered by the Ministry of Public Security’s 2019 budget, despite the fact that they are listed under the Ministry.
Download Full TranslationMinistry of Public Security 2019 Budget
- Translator’s note: “Public institutions” (事业单位) are organizations created and led by PRC government departments that provide social services. Unlike state-owned enterprises (SOEs), public institutions do not create material products and do not generate income. Public institutions are not considered government agencies, and their employees are not civil servants. Most public institutions are fully or partially government-funded, but some fully privately funded (but still government-led) public institutions exist. Public institutions typically provide services in areas such as education, science and technology, culture, health, and sanitation.