The following document is the 2022 budget for the PRC Ministry of Public Security, which is responsible for Chinese police departments, border security, counterterrorism, counter-narcotics, top leaders’ security details, maintaining social order, and monitoring the Chinese internet for dissent. In 2022, the ministry is funding projects to renovate police academy campus facilities, train air marshals, and enforce the ban on fishing on the Yangtze River, among others.
The Chinese source text is available online at: https://app.mps.gov.cn/n2257048/n7387898/n7415293/n7415342/c8423006/part/8423458.pdf
An archived version of the Chinese source text is available online at: https://perma.cc/S52E-FBJN
U.S. $1 ≈ 6.7 Chinese Yuan Renminbi (RMB), as of June 1, 2022.
Ministry of Public Security (MPS) 2022 Budget
Part I. Overview: Ministry of Public Security (MPS)
I. Primary Responsibilities
MPS is a component of the State Council, and in accordance with laws, regulations, and the authorization of the State Council, leads and directs public security (公安) work across the country. The main functions of MPS include:
(i) Developing public security work policies and principles. Drafting relevant laws and regulations. Deploying, guiding, overseeing, and inspecting public security work nationwide.
(ii) To grasp the situation affecting social stability and endangering social order (社会治安), to analyze the situation, and to formulate countermeasures.
(iii) To organize and guide the investigation work of public security organs and to coordinate the investigation and handling of major criminal cases and other cases. To organize and guide public security organs to investigate and handle criminal cases in the fields of food and drugs, intellectual property (IP), the environment, forests and grasslands, and biosecurity. To be responsible for investigating and handling financial crime cases involving securities and futures across the country and to coordinate local public security organs to participate in the investigation and handling of such cases.
(iv) To be responsible for public security management. To coordinate the handling of major public security accidents (治安事故) and mass incidents (群体性事件), to guide and supervise local public security organs to investigate and deal with acts that disrupt social order in accordance with the law, to carry out public security administration, fire prevention, and hazardous chemicals management work in accordance with the law, and to guide and supervise local public security organs’ security work.
(v) To be responsible for national road traffic safety management. To guide and supervise local public security organs to maintain road traffic safety and order and to carry out the management of motor vehicles (excluding tractors) and drivers.
(vi) To implement, guide, and supervise the security protection work of public information networks by local public security organs and to be responsible for the supervision, inspection, and guidance of information security graded protection work.
(vii) To organize, direct, and coordinate the prevention of, reconnaissance on, and combating of terrorist activities.
(viii) To organize, guide, and coordinate anti-drug work.
(ix) To be responsible for the security and safety of railways, special railway transportation, and special transportation (特运) and to guide the security and safety of ports and shipping.
(x) To guide and supervise the execution of punishments undertaken by the local public security organs in accordance with the law and to guide and supervise the management of the detention centers, holding cells, and compulsory isolation drug rehabilitation centers of the local public security organs.
(xi) To be responsible for the security work of relevant party and state leaders and important foreign guests.
(xii) To organize the implementation of public security science and technology work, and plan the construction of the command system, big data technology, and criminal technology of public security organs.
(xiii) To draw up standards and systems for police equipment and devices for public security organs, to participate in the formulation of equipment and funding standards for public security organs, and to draw up management systems. To be responsible for unified leadership of national police aircraft operations, safety, and management.
(xiv) To organize and conduct exchanges and business cooperation with Interpol, foreign police, and Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan police, and to implement international treaties and cooperation agreements related to public security work. To undertake the cooperation work of the public security organs in the investigation of transnational (cross-border) cases. To manage the standing peacekeeping police force.
(xv) To formulate guidelines and policies for the establishment of public security teams and to manage cadres according to its prescribed authorities. To formulate the supervision and management work system of the public security cadre, to organize and guide the supervision work of public security organs, to implement the supervision of cadres according to its prescribed authorities, to investigate and supervise major disciplinary violations by the public security cadre, and to guide the ideological and political development and work style development of the public security cadre.
(xvi) To administer the National Immigration Administration (Entry-Exit Administration of the People’s Republic of China).
(xvii) To perform other tasks assigned by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Central Committee and the State Council.
II. Ministry Budgetary Unit Composition
The 23 internal institutions of the Ministry of Public Security include: the General Office, the Intelligence Command Center, the Research Office, the Inspection and Audit Bureau, the Personnel Training Bureau, the News and Propaganda Bureau, the Economic Crime Investigation Bureau, the Public Security Administration, and the Criminal Investigation Bureau.
The institutions under the MPS 2022 ministerial budget include: 51 law enforcement, scientific research, and teaching units, including MPS organs, the Railway Public Security Bureau, the Yangtze River Shipping Public Security Bureau, the Police Dog Base, the Physical Evidence Forensics Center, the Traffic Management Research Institute, People’s Public Security University of China, Criminal Investigation Police University of China, and Nanjing Forest Police College.
Part II.2022 Budget Report of the Ministry of Public Security
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