A warning that the U.S. military could be at a competitive disadvantage within the next decade if it does not accelerate its AI adoption. The report recommends laying the foundation for widespread AI integration by 2025, comprising a DOD-wide digital ecosystem, a technically literate workforce, and more efficient business practices aided by AI.
A recommendation that the White House establish a new “Technology Competitiveness Council,” led by the vice president, to develop a comprehensive technology strategy and oversee its implementation.
A recommendation that the U.S. military explore using autonomous weapons systems, provided their use is authorized by human operators.
A proposal to establish a new Digital Service Academy and a civilian National Reserve to cultivate domestic AI talent.
A call to provide $35 billion in federal investment and incentives for domestic semiconductor manufacturing.
A recommendation to double non-defense AI R&D funding annually until it reaches $32 billion per year, and to triple the number of National AI Research Institutes.
A call for reformed export controls, coordinated with allies, on key technologies such as high-end semiconductor manufacturing equipment.
A recommendation that Congress pass a second National Defense Education Act and reform the U.S. immigration system to attract and retain AI students and workers from abroad.
NASA’s Perseverance Rover Lands With Help of AI: NASA’s Perseverance rover touched down on Mars last month, outfitted with several AI systems that will help carry out its mission. While its predecessor Curiosity, which landed on Mars in 2012, had some autonomous capabilities, Perseverance incorporates a number of new and upgraded systems that make it the most AI-enabled rover NASA has ever deployed. One such system, Terrain Relative Navigation, proved its value during the successful landing: it compared real-time sensor data to a map of the landing area, identified potential hazards in the landing zone, and autonomously steered to avoid them. Now that Perseverance is safely on the ground, it will use an autonomous navigation system that will help make it faster than previous rovers. Perseverance also features an improved version of the AEGIS intelligent targeting system that Curiosity used to aim its ChemCam tool and fire its laser spectrometer.
Sec. 3401 exempts doctoral STEM graduates of U.S. universities from yearly numerical caps on employment-based green cards.
Sec. 3402 exempts from the yearly numerical caps long-backlogged green card applicants, those waiting 10 years or more, as well as family members of all green card applicants.
Sec. 3403 eliminates the per-country cap on employment-based immigrants.
Observers note the bill will be difficult to pass in a divided Senate without significant changes. Axios reported, meanwhile, that the Democratic-controlled House may also lack the votes to pass the bill.
In Translation CSET’s translations of significant foreign language documents on AI
PRC Patent Documents: CSET has translated a pair of Chinese government documents pertaining to its intellectual property policies.
Notice of the China National Intellectual Property Administration on More Strictly Regulating Patent Applications. This notice by the China National Intellectual Property Administration — which oversees Chinese patent and trademark applications — orders PRC local governments to halt all financial assistance programs that incentivize large quantities of patent applications. It makes the elimination of low-quality and fraudulent patents a major priority in 2021 and introduces increasingly severe punishments for those who attempt to file patents for technologies and processes that are not truly innovative.
PRC College’s “Internet Commentator” Guidelines:Notice on Establishing Internet Commentator Teams. These guidelines, published by a vocational college in China’s Jiangxi Province, describe the qualifications for and duties of “internet commentators.” These individuals, who are typically Communist Party members and can be either teachers or students at the college, work part-time monitoring the campus computer network, reinforcing propaganda messages and censoring “harmful” content. Although these guidelines are specific to this one college, it is highly likely that other Chinese colleges and universities have similar teams of online commentators.
What We’re Reading
Report:2021 AI Index Report, Stanford University Institute for Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence (March 2021)
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