Trump Administration Encourages Chipmakers to Build US Foundries: To decrease reliance on chipmakers in Asia, the Trump administration is encouraging Intel to build a state-of-the-art foundry in the United States, the Wall Street Journal reported. Foundries manufacture chips for third-party chip designers and governments, and many U.S. companies currently rely on foundries in Taiwan and South Korea. A domestic Intel foundry would ensure cutting-edge indigenous chip production capabilities for American chip designers and the DOD. Officials also are encouraging Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company and South Korea’s Samsung Electronics to develop state-of-the-art foundries in the United States.
- More: U.S. Won’t Tolerate Technology Fence-Sitters Any Longer | AI Chips: What They Are and Why They Matter
- More: U.S. Moving Forward With Rule to Limit Chips to Huawei | Addition of Huawei to the Entity List
- More: Full Paper | AI and Compute
Trump Administration Considers Banning Work-Based Visas: The Trump administration is weighing an executive order that would suspend temporary, work-based visas, according to the Wall Street Journal. In April, President Trump temporarily suspended entry for green card applicants, but some argue the proclamation did not go far enough. Last week, Sens. Cotton, Cruz, Grassley and Hawley encouraged the president to halt all new guest worker visas for at least 60 days, including H-1B, H-2B, EB-5 and the Optional Practical Training program. The exact scope of the possible restriction remains unknown. CSET researchers have argued that rolling back OPT would damage U.S. competitiveness in AI and threaten national security.
House Republicans Plan to Introduce Emerging Tech Legislative Package: On Tuesday, a group of House Republicans led by Reps. Walden and McMorris Rodgers previewed a 15-bill package aimed at bolstering the development of emerging technologies, such as AI, blockchain, quantum computing and autonomous vehicles. The central proposal requires the Commerce Department to study barriers to AI deployment, with the goal of reducing bureaucratic hurdles and “unleashing” private sector innovation. Other bills direct Commerce and the Federal Trade Commission to study facial recognition, and task the FTC with assessing how AI can assist in the fight against online misinformation and terrorist content. Currently, the package is backed only by Republicans.
Army to Develop Cyber Jamming Pods with Lockheed Martin: The Army has awarded Lockheed Martin $74.8 million to develop, build and test operational electronic warfare pods after the company’s successful prototype last year. The pod uses machine learning to analyze signals and make decisions without returning to base, in addition to post-mission analysis. Known as the Multi-Function Electronic Warfare-Air-Large, it will fly under the MQ-1C Grey Eagle; other variants are being explored for smaller drones and ground vehicles. The Army finalized its contract with Lockheed in January and announced it in late April.
NSCAI Co-Authors Letter on National Security Workforce: The National Security Commission on AI, the Cyberspace Solarium Commission and the National Commission on Military, National, and Public Service wrote to Senate and House Armed Services Committee leadership, encouraging them to consider taking action on defense and national security workforce recommendations in the Fiscal Year 2021 National Defense Authorization Act. The letter recommends streamlining hiring processes and recruiting pathways, as well as increasing awareness of opportunities for digital talent to enter public service.
CSET’s translations of significant foreign language documents on AI
CSET’s translations of significant foreign language documents on AI
CSC Scholarship Study Abroad Agreement: China Scholarship Council Subsidized Study Abroad Agreement. This document is the text of an agreement between Chinese students who study abroad and the PRC Ministry of Education’s China Scholarship Council. It requires students on CSC scholarship to report regularly on the progress of their studies and mandates that those who study abroad return to China for at least two years after completing their studies overseas.
AI Standardization White Paper: Artificial Intelligence Standardization White Paper. This government-issued white paper describes China’s approach to standards setting for AI. Appendices list all of China’s existing AI standards as of January 2018, as well as those under study, and provide examples of AI applications by leading Chinese tech companies.
What We’re Reading
Report: America Challenges China’s National Talent Programs, CSIS (May 2020)
Paper: Economic Incentives and the Quality of Return Migrant Scholars: The Impact of China’s Thousand Young Talents Program, Ning Jia and Belton Fleisher (March 2020)
Report: Science & Technology Trends 2020–2040: Exploring the S&T Edge, NATO Science & Technology Organization (May 2020)
Project: In the Realm of Paper Tigers — Exploring the Failings of AI Ethics Guidelines, updates on the AI Ethics Guidelines Global Inventory, Algorithm Watch (April 2020)
What’s New at CSET
- Antitrust and Artificial Intelligence: How Breaking Up Big Tech Could Affect the Pentagon’s Access to AI by Dakota Foster and Zachary Arnold
- A National Security Research Agenda for Cybersecurity and Artificial Intelligence by Ben Buchanan
- Shanghai Institute for Science of Science: AI Governance in 2019 — A Year in Review: Observations from 50 Global Experts including a contribution by Helen Toner
- arXiv: A Novel Approach to Predicting Exceptional Growth in Research with Dewey Murdick as a coauthor
- The Washington Post: Former presidential candidate Pete Buttigieg cited CSET research on Chinese public AI R&D spending and on China’s approach to tech talent competition in an op-ed critiquing President Trump’s stance on China.
- Politico: Jason Matheny and Sue Gordon were interviewed for Politico Magazine’s “Domestic Threat Assessment” — events that might endanger the United States over the next 30 to 50 years.
- ABC News: Margarita Konaev spoke about Russia’s use of facial recognition for a story on the country’s attempts to enforce the lockdown with facial recognition.
- Japan Times: An item on the role of semiconductors in technology leadership summarized CSET research on chips by Saif M. Khan and Carrick Flynn.
- The Washington Post: An article on how to use the next stimulus bill to counter China cites CSET research on semiconductor manufacturing by Saif M. Khan and Carrick Flynn.
- FedScoop: Margarita Konaev warned against unrealistic expectations around battlefield-ready AI in an article on the Army’s pursuit of unmanned ground systems.
- C4ISRNET: Ben Buchanan spoke to C4ISRNET about the impact of AI on cybersecurity and CSET’s CyberAI Project for an article about European nations’ distrust of AI for cybersecurity.
- Deseret News: CSET research on foreign AI talent was cited in an op-ed about how foreign tech experts help America fight the pandemic.
- Financial Times: A CSET report on China’s foreign AI chip dependence by Saif M. Khan and Carrick Flynn was cited in FT Tech Scroll Asia.
- Brookings Webinar: Jason Matheny, Carrick Flynn, Andrew Imbrie and Tarun Chhabra spoke at the Brookings Global China event, Assessing China’s Technological Reach in the World.
- May 13: Montreal AI Ethics Institute, AI Ethics: Publication Norms for Responsible AI
What else is going on? Suggest stories, documents to translate & upcoming events here.