The following Chinese regulation governs the collection, protection, and sharing of scientific data. The regulation states that, as a general principle, scientific data should be shareable, but it also carves out several exceptions in areas such as classified information and data to be shared with foreign researchers.
An archived version of the Chinese source text is available online at: https://perma.cc/C3FC-TFCQ
Measures for the Management of Scientific Data
Article 1 In order to further strengthen and regulate the management of scientific data, ensure the safety of scientific data, improve the level of open sharing, better support national science and technology (S&T) innovation, economic and social development, and national security, these Measures are formulated in accordance with the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Progress in Science and Technology, the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Promoting the Commercialization of Scientific and Technological Achievements, and the Interim Measures for the Management of Government Information Resource Sharing.
Article 2 The scientific data referred to in these Measures mainly include data generated through basic research, applied research, experimental development, etc., in fields such as natural science and engineering technology and science, and original data and derived data obtained and used for scientific research activities through observation and monitoring, inspection and surveying, and investigation and testing.
Article 3 These Measures apply to scientific data collection, production, processing, open sharing, and management activities supported by government budget funding.
Any unit or individual engaged in scientific data-related activities within the People’s Republic of China that meets the provisions of these Measures shall carry out said activities in accordance with these Measures.
Article 4 Scientific data management follows the principles of graded management (分级管理), security and controllability, and full utilization, clearly defines the responsible entity, strengthens capacity building, and promotes open sharing.
Article 5 Any unit or individual engaged in the collection, production, use, and management of scientific data should comply with relevant national laws and regulations and departmental regulations, and must not use scientific data to engage in activities that harm national security, the public interest of society, and the legitimate rights and interests of others.
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