TSMC to build US foundry, Huawei faces new export controls, and China to invest $1.4T in tech
TSMC Announces Plan to Build US Foundry: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, the world’s largest contract chipmaker, plans to open an advanced foundry in Arizona. TSMC will invest $12 billion in the foundry, which should begin producing 5 nanometer chips in 2024. However, experts have noted that TSMC’s leading-edge processes will remain in Taiwan: the company expects to produce a more advanced 3 nm chip in Taiwan in 2022, and the U.S. facility’s anticipated production capacity will be less than a fourth of some of TSMC’s largest foundries. The Trump administration had pushed for TSMC to develop a U.S. foundry; the federal government and State of Arizona have committed to supporting the facility.
Machine Learning Spotlight — Adversarial Attacks in NLP: Even the most advanced natural language processing models are vulnerable to adversarial attacks, according to recent research. Adversarial attacks are often inconspicuous tweaks in input data designed to trigger the wrong result from a machine learning model. Researchers developed TextFooler, a system that generates subtle alterations in wording — for example, changing “contrived” to “engineered” — that don’t alter a sentence’s meaning, but confuse machine learning models. TextFooler’s attacks reduced the top NLP models’ accuracy levels from above 90 percent to below 15. The researchers hope TextFooler will facilitate the development of more robust NLP models.
In Translation CSET’s translations of significant foreign language documents on AI
AI Security Standardization White Paper:Artificial Intelligence Security Standardization White Paper. This white paper by a PRC information security standardization group describes the current state of AI security and safety standards in China. Appendices list all of China’s AI security standards as of October 2019, and provide examples of AI security innovations pioneered by Chinese tech companies and IBM.
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