EU Proposes New AI Regulations: Last week, the European Commission proposed a slate of new AI regulations that would impose strict controls on certain “high risk” commercial AI applications and ban others entirely. Prohibited AI would include systems used for social scoring, “subliminal” manipulation, and real-time biometric surveillance by law enforcement, though certain exceptions (such as to identify specific missing children or prevent an imminent terrorist attack) would apply. Systems deemed “high risk” would be subjected to extensive inspections before deployment to ensure they are trained on well-organized and unbiased data, provide clear and transparent information to users, and are subject to human oversight. Fines for violations of the proposed regulations would be severe: up to 6 percent of the offending company’s global sales. While the regulations would be some of the strictest in the world, they have attracted criticism from advocates due to their broad exceptions for law enforcement. They would also not affect military applications of AI, which are exempted. The Commission’s proposal will need to secure approval from the European Parliament and the EU’s member states before it can take effect, a process that could take several years.
The STEM RESTART Act, introduced by Sens. Hyde-Smith, Kelly and Rosen and Reps. Houlahan and Baird in the House, would provide funds for mid-career workers to transition or return to jobs in the STEM workforce.
The SECURE CAMPUS Act, introduced by Sen. Cotton in the Senate and Rep. Kustoff in the House, would bar Chinese nationals from receiving visas for graduate and post-graduate studies in STEM fields.
The AI Scholarships-for-Service Act, re-introduced by Sens. Thune and Peters, would fund scholarships for students in AI-related fields in exchange for public service after graduation.
The Investing in Tomorrow’s Workforce Act, introduced by Sens. Durbin and Warnock in the Senate and Rep. Bustos in the House, would address automation-related job losses through increased workforce training.
The Combating Chinese Purloining of Trade Secrets Act, introduced by Sen. Graham, would impose stricter penalties on individuals engaged in economic espionage and tighten visa restrictions for Chinese citizens looking to pursue national security-relevant graduate coursework in the United States.
The National Strategy to Ensure American Leadership Act, introduced by Sens. Van Hollen and Blunt, requires the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine to identify the top ten emerging technology challenges facing the United States and issue policy recommendations to address each challenge.
The Advancing American AI Act, introduced by Sen. Peters, aims to promote AI adoption and encourage AI-related programs within the federal government.
The Rural STEM Education Act, introduced by Sens. Wicker and Rosen, would direct the National Science Foundation to fund STEM teacher training and evaluate programming for STEM education in rural areas.
In Translation CSET’s translations of significant foreign language documents on AI
PRC Study on Technology Transfer:A Study of Shenzhen’s International Technology Transfer Model and Measures to Improve It. This lengthy study by the government of the city of Shenzhen in southern China is an example of the country’s meticulous open-source research on international technology transfer institutions. The study’s authors acknowledge that Shenzhen has a weak research base and relies heavily on technology transfers to grow its tech sector. The study proposes creating an “international technology transfer center” that focuses as much or more on tech transfers within Shenzhen and within China as it does on importing foreign technology.
PRC Foreign Investment Notice:Notice of the Ministry of Commerce on Focusing on Constructing the New Development Pattern and Doing a Good Job of Stabilizing Foreign Investment. This notice by China’s Ministry of Commerce announces new policies to spur foreign investment in key industrial sectors in the context of PRC President Xi Jinping’s “new development pattern,” which prioritizes Chinese consumption-driven economic development as a counterweight to the U.S. strategy of decoupling. The notice urges the expansion of blacklists that bar certain foreign entities from investing in China, but the bulk of the new measures encourage foreign investment in cross-border free trade zones and other such specialized settings.
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