DeepMind Publishes Protein Folding Results: DeepMind published a study on AlphaFold, their protein folding predicting system, in top science journal Nature last week. First posed in 1962, the protein folding problem asks how a given chain of amino acids folds into the 3D structure of a protein. Answering this problem is an important step in understanding the biochemistry of living organisms. DeepMind’s discovery came in December 2018 when AlphaFold won CASP, the biennial protein prediction competition, by correctly predicting 24 out of 43 structures; the runner-up predicted only 14. AlphaFold’s progress demonstrates the potential for scientific advancement through machine learning.
Senators Introduce Bill to Support R&D for AI and Other Industries: Sens. Wicker, Gardner and Baldwin introduced the Industries of the Future Act last week. The bipartisan legislation would require a plan to increase federal investments in “industries of the future” — including AI, quantum computing and biotechnology — to $10B per year by 2025. It would also establish an Industries of the Future Coordination Council to advise the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy on federal measures necessary to maintain the U.S. global edge in emerging technologies.
Trade Deal With China Prompts Debate Over Tech Provisions: President Trump signed a “Phase One” trade agreement with China on January 15 that included sections on intellectual property theft and technology transfer. China agreed to stop requiring U.S. companies to transfer technology as a condition of operating in the country. It also committed to strengthening legal protections for American intellectual property — including harsher punishments for IP theft — and improving the criminal and civil procedures for combatting online patent and copyright infringement. However, the agreement has triggered debate over the likelihood of implementation and enforcement, while prospects for a “Phase Two” deal remain uncertain.
In Translation CSET’s translations of significant foreign language documents on AI
China’s Strategy for Science and Technology Innovation:National 13th Five-Year Plan for S&T Innovation: Translation of a PRC State Council plan for science and technology innovation from 2016 to 2020. The first half of the plan details specific technologies that are near term priorities for research and investment. The second half discusses proposed changes to China’s S&T infrastructure.
WAIC Proposed Guidelines for AI Security:World AI Conference Security and Rule of Law Guidelines: Translation of a document issued just before the World Artificial Intelligence Conference in Shanghai in August 2019. The document consists of proposed legal guidelines to address a wide range of potential dangers posed by the rise of AI technology, including bugs, hackers, algorithmic bias and unemployment.
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