China Moves Forward With Export Control and Data Protection Laws: Beijing passed a new export control law on October 17 after months of U.S. regulatory pressure on Chinese firms such as Huawei and ByteDance. There is no published list of controlled items; however, the text of the law, which is to take effect December 1, says it will apply to “goods, technology, or services related to … the protection of national security.” Chinese state media indicated it could be used to restrict the export of rare-earth metals needed for production of U.S. high-end technology. Meanwhile, Beijing published a draft of a new personal data protection law, a first of its kind for China. Experts say the long-anticipated law, introduced after a related Data Security Law was released for public comment in July, “marks a significant evolution in China’s data protection regime.” The draft text says violators could be fined up to 50 million yuan or 5 percent of annual revenue.
- More: Inside China’s Unexpected Quest to Protect Data Privacy | Translation of Export Control Law | Translation of Draft Personal Data Protection Law
Businesses, Trade Groups and Colleges File Suit Over H-1B Changes: A group of trade organizations, businesses and colleges — including the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Cornell University and Caltech — sued the Departments of Labor and Homeland Security after changes to the H-1B visa program earlier this month. Those reforms would exclude an estimated third of current recipients by reducing the list of qualifying occupations, tightening degree requirements, and significantly raising minimum salaries. Filed in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, the complaint alleges the new rules “would sever the employment relationship of hundreds of thousands of existing employees in the United States.” Earlier this month, the same U.S. District Court temporarily blocked the Trump administration’s June order to suspend H-1B processing.
- More: District Court Order Blocking Earlier H-1B Processing Suspension | CSET: New Student Visa Rule Likely to Harm National Security More Than Help
U.S. Files Antitrust Case Against Google: After more than a year of investigation, the Justice Department filed an antitrust lawsuit against Google last week. The complaint accuses the company of “unlawfully maintaining monopolies in the markets for general search services, search advertising, and general search text advertising.” DOJ’s case centers on Google’s practice of negotiating deals with smartphone makers and web browser developers to make Google the default search engine on their products. While breaking up the company is one possible outcome of the case, that result is thought to be unlikely. DOJ’s lawsuit could take years to resolve and may receive more support soon. In addition to the 11 states that signed on to the DOJ case, attorneys general from seven other states are conducting parallel investigations and have stated they may join the suit soon.
NSCAI Releases Interim Report and Recommendations: On October 13, the National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence submitted its 2020 Interim Report and Third Quarter Recommendations. Its 66 recommendations span three areas: preparing for international AI and emerging technology competition, expanding the domestic AI talent pipeline, and working with allies to build and sustain international AI cooperation. The commission proposed an Executive Order to advance AI technical standards through improved interagency coordination, new funding for NIST and collaboration with industry and allies. Additionally, the commission recommended new mechanisms for investing in AI talent, such as flexible awards for promising individuals and teams.
White House Releases Strategy for Critical and Emerging Technologies: On October 15, the White House published its National Strategy for Critical and Emerging Technologies. Developed by the National Security Council, the strategy is framed as a response to Russia and China’s “state-directed models” of R&D. Its “market-oriented approach” is built around two “Pillars of Success.” The first, “Promote the National Security Base,” calls for developing the science and technology workforce and adopting “innovation-friendly regulations.” The second, “Protect Technology Advantage,” aims to deter intellectual property theft by foreign competitors. Observers noted that the high-level document contained few specific details and that the timing of the strategy’s release — less than three weeks before an election — may mean it gets overlooked.
CSET’s translations of significant foreign language documents on AI
CSET’s translations of significant foreign language documents on AI
Science and Technology Spending Overview: 2019 Nationwide Statistical Communiqué on Science and Technology Spending and Investment. This document, issued by three PRC ministries, provides statistics on Chinese technical R&D spending in 2019, broken down by industry and region. Although China’s R&D spending increased significantly across the board in 2019, product development — as opposed to basic or applied research — still accounts for more than 80% of it.
What We’re Reading
Paper: Emerging Technologies and Trade Controls: A Sectoral Composition Approach, Lindsay Rand, Andrea Viski and Tucker Boyce (October 2020)
Paper: Charting a Transatlantic Course to Address China, Center for New American Security (October 2020)
Paper: Forecast 2025: China Adjusts Course, Macro Polo (October 2020)
What’s New at CSET
- U.S. Military Investments in Autonomy and AI: Costs, Benefits, and Strategic Effects by Margarita Konaev, Husanjot Chahal, Ryan Fedasiuk, Tina Huang and Ilya Rahkovsky
- Future Indices by Michael Page, Catherine Aiken and Dewey Murdick
- U.S. Semiconductor Exports to China: Current Policies and Trends by Saif M. Khan
- Designing Alternatives to China’s Repressive Surveillance State by Dahlia Peterson
CSET is hiring! Please share with qualified candidates in your network or consider applying. Applications close on November 1.
- Research Analyst: Collaborate with Research Fellows on research projects about workforce and education related issues. BA in relevant area and comfort with data analysis/viz required.
- Defense One: Will Commanders Trust Their New AI Weapons and Tools? by Margarita Konaev
- Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory: Symbiosis and Strife: Where Is the Sino-American Relationship Bound? co-authored by Lorand Laskai
- Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory: The History and Future of US-China Competition and Cooperation in Space by Matthew Daniels
- Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory: US-China Stem Talent “Decoupling”: Background, Policy, and Impact by Remco Zwetsloot
- OODAcast: Episode 38: Dr. Melissa Flagg of the Center for Security and Emerging Technology with Melissa Flagg
- CSET Foretell: Forecasting the Election’s Effect on “Extraordinary” Chinese Talent in the United States by Michael Page
- CSET: New Student Visa Rule Likely to Harm National Security More Than Help by Jason Matheny and Zachary Arnold
- CSET: CSET Experts in the News
- (New) Conditional on President Trump’s re-election: Will the U.S. government file an antitrust lawsuit against Apple, Amazon, or Facebook between January 20, 2021 and January 19, 2025?
- (New) Conditional on Vice President Biden’s election: Will the U.S. government file an antitrust lawsuit against Apple, Amazon, or Facebook between January 20, 2021 and January 19, 2025?
- (New) What percentage of U.S. AI publications will have a Chinese co-author in 2021?
- On October 19, CSET hosted a webinar, Using Crowd Forecasting to Inform Policy, featuring Founding Director Jason Matheny and moderated by Research Fellow Michael Page. The event coincided with the release of a new issue brief, Future Indices, by Page, Catherine Aiken and Dewey Murdick, which discusses how Foretell can inform policy by providing data on future trends.
- FedScoop: Margarita Konaev’s research on U.S. military investments in AI was recapped in FedScoop.
- Axios Science: Jacob Feldgoise and Remco Zwetsloot’s brief about Chinese STEM students in the United States was summarized in an Axios Science article.
- Axios Future: An article in Axios Future profiled Foretell and previewed the issue brief “Future Indices” by Michael Page, Catherine Aiken and Dewey Murdick.
- National Journal: Melissa Flagg commented on the Trump administration’s new National Strategy for Critical and Emerging Technologies in a National Journal article about the document’s release.
- Newsweek: An article about Chinese Communist Party influence campaigns in the United States quoted Anna Puglisi on Beijing’s strategic thinking.
- Psychology Today: Tracking AI Investment by Zachary Arnold, Ilya Rahkovsky and Tina Huang was cited in a Psychology Today article about Microsoft’s release of its “Lobe” machine learning training app.
- October 29: CSET and Syracuse University Institute for Security Policy and Law, National Security Law and the Coming AI Revolution featuring James Baker, Jason Matheny, Reginald Brothers, Tarun Chhabra and Margarita Konaev
- November 9: BMW Center for German and European Studies, Post-Election Roundtable featuring CSET’s Andrew Imbrie
- November 10: CSET, Understanding U.S. Military Investments in AI, featuring Margarita Konaev and Reginald Brothers
- November 11: National Science and Technology Medals Foundation, Innovation Unscripted: Artificial Intelligence
- November 17: Information Technology & Innovation Foundation, Manufacturing Workforce Development and Strengthening Manufacturing Supply Chains: What Can States Do?
- November 20-22: Internet Law & Policy Foundry, ILFP Policy Hackathon
What else is going on? Suggest stories, documents to translate & upcoming events here.