China Expands ‘Emotion Recognition’ AI Despite Expert Skepticism:Emotion recognition systems generated excitement at China’s 2019 Public Security Expo, the Financial Times reported. The technology is being rolled out in Xinjiang as part of crime prediction systems along with facial recognition, gait recognition and eye tracking. The system is meant to predict violent behavior by using AI to identify signs of aggression, nervousness and stress. However, experts have pushed back on such characterizations with studies suggesting that emotion recognition is accurate only 20–30 percent of the time. Despite this, both Chinese companies and U.S. tech giants like Google, Amazon and Microsoft continue to develop emotion recognition systems.
Canada Again Denies Travel Visas to African AI Researchers Attending NeurIPS: For the second year in a row, at least 15 AI researchers and students were denied travel visas to Canada over concerns that they would not return home after attending NeurIPS — a leading AI research conference — and the Black in AI workshop. Last year, Canada denied almost 100 African researchers’ visas for the same reason. ICLR, another top AI conference, will be held in Ethiopia in 2020 in part to avoid similar visa issues.
DIB Approves AI Ethics Principles: After a series of roundtables and discussion, the Defense Innovation Board voted unanimously on October 31st to recommend AI Ethics Principles for the DOD, accompanied by a supporting document. The principles, intended for both combat and non-combat systems, state that AI should be responsible, equitable, traceable, reliable and governable. They also recommend a series of next steps, including establishing a DOD-wide steering committee and formalizing the principles within the DOD.
NSCAI Submits Interim Report to Congress: On Nov 4th, the bipartisan National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence released its interim report. The report assesses the challenges and opportunities AI poses for national security, as well as noting concerning trendlines relative to China. The Commission suggests accelerating public investment in AI R&D, applying AI to national security, training and recruiting AI talent, protecting the U.S. technological advantage and encouraging global cooperation. Full recommendations will be made to Congress in a later report.
NSCAI Holds First-Ever Conference: The National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence held a conference on the future of AI and national security on November 5th. Notable remarks include:
In Translation CSET’s translations of significant foreign language documents on AI
Taiwan’s Sensitive Science and Technology Protection Bill:General Notes on the Sensitive Science and Technology Protection Bill: Translation of a bill proposed in Taiwan’s parliament that provides for up to seven years in prison or a $1 million fine for leaks of sensitive technology. The bill aims to counter Chinese industrial espionage and reassure U.S. firms that they can conduct R&D in Taiwan without fear of their proprietary technology being disclosed to Chinese competitors.
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