AI Organizations Aid in the Fight Against Coronavirus: Over the last few weeks, AI researchers and companies have attempted to use machine learning to combat the coronavirus, but so far, the results are mostly untested. Key areas of application include:
TSMC Weighs Opening Foundry in the US: The world’s largest contract chipmaker, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., may build a state-of-the-art foundry in the United States, according to the Nikkei Asian Review. The discussions follow pressure from Washington and the growing possibility of the company being caught in the U.S.-China trade war. Currently, the United States lacks a foundry capable of manufacturing the most advanced chips, so many leading-edge AI chips designed by U.S. firms are fabricated at TSMC’s Taiwan-based foundries. TSMC is purportedly considering producing chips with 2 nanometer technology in the new factory, which could make it the world’s most cutting-edge foundry.
US Home to Majority of Top AI Startups:A majority of the most promising AI startups are based in the United States, according to a new report by CB Insights. Assessing factors such as patents, investor profiles, tech novelty, market potential and team strength, the researchers created a metric to select the top 100 startups from a pool of 5,000. According to their analysis, 65 of these leading startups are located in the United States, followed by eight in both Canada and the United Kingdom and six in China. Collectively, the 100 startups have raised more than $7.4B in funding from 600 investors.
National AI Initiative Act Introduced in House: House Science Committee Chairwoman Johnson, Ranking Member Lucas and Reps. McNerney, Olson, Lipinski and Weber introduced the National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Act of 2020 last week. The bipartisan legislation aims to accelerate and coordinate federal investments in AI through measures including formalizing interagency coordination, creating an advisory committee and establishing AI institutes to facilitate partnerships between academia, public and private sectors. The legislation would support standards development at NIST, as well as AI research at the NSF and DOE. Sens. Heinrich, Portman and Schatz introduced a bill with many of the same aims in May, although there are several significant differences.
IC Developing AI Ethical Principles: The intelligence community is developing principles for ethical use of AI, according to Ben Huebner, Chief of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence’s Office of Civil Liberties, Privacy, and Transparency. The framework will focus on the aspects of machine learning that are new to the IC, particularly relating to transparency, privacy and accuracy. Hueber noted the ODNI has general “consensus” with the DOD’s Joint AI Center, and the guidelines will likely resemble those adopted by the DOD in late February.
Deepfakes In Federal Elections Prohibition Act Introduced in House: Reps. Lynch, DeSaulnier, Welch and Cooper introduced the Deepfakes in Federal Elections Prohibition Act, which would limit the distribution of materially deceptive audio or video prior to a federal election. The legislation would amend the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 to prohibit the malicious distribution of manipulated media of a candidate within 60 days of a federal election. An exception would be made if the media is labeled as manipulated.
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