Reports

Recommendations on Export Controls for Artificial Intelligence (Feb 2020)

By Carrick Flynn

The U.S. government has started paying closer attention to the export of AI-relevant technologies. But what restrictions would help further aims such as stability and human rights abroad without impeding U.S. research and development? This issue brief assesses where such controls will be effective, ineffective or even damaging to the interests of the United States and its allies. 

Agile Alliances: How the United States and Its Allies Can Deliver a Democratic Way of AI (Feb 2020)

By Andrew Imbrie, Ryan Fedasiuk, Catherine Aiken, Tarun Chhabra and Husanjot Chahal

The United States must collaborate with its allies and partners to shape the trajectory of artificial intelligence, promote liberal democratic values and protect against efforts to wield AI for authoritarian ends. CSET proposes a three-pronged strategy of 10 initiatives to pursue in concert with U.S. allies and partners.

The Question of Comparative Advantage in Artificial Intelligence (Jan 2020)

By Andrew Imbrie, Elsa B. Kania and Lorand Laskai

How do we measure leadership in artificial intelligence, and where does the United States rank? What comparative advantages matter most? As nations embrace AI, answering these questions becomes increasingly critical. This policy brief examines potential AI strengths of the United States and China and prescribes recommendations to ensure the United States does not fall behind. 

AI Safety, Security, and Stability Among Great Powers: Options, Challenges, and Lessons Learned for Pragmatic Engagement (Dec 2019)

By Andrew Imbrie and Elsa B. Kania

Among great powers, artificial intelligence has become a new focus of competition due to its potential to transform the character of conflict, disrupt the military balance and undermine deterrence. This policy brief considers alternative paths toward AI safety and security, proposing feasible steps for the United States, China, Russia and others to take.

Keeping Top AI Talent in the United States (Dec 2019)

By Remco Zwetsloot, James Dunham, Zachary Arnold and Tina Huang

Talent is core to U.S. competitiveness in artificial intelligence, and international graduate students are a large source of AI talent for the United States. Retaining them in this country as they transition into the workforce is key. Graduate student retention has historically been a core U.S. strength, but that strength is endangered by recent events.

Maintaining the AI Chip Competitive Advantage of the United States and its Allies (Dec 2019)

by Saif M. Khan

The United States and its allies enjoy a competitive advantage in the production of artificial intelligence chips necessary for leading AI research and implementation. This memo identifies chokepoints for limiting China’s access to key chipmaking equipment.

Chinese Public AI R&D Spending: Provisional Findings (Dec 2019)

by Ashwin Acharya and Zachary Arnold

China aims to become “the world’s primary AI innovation center” by 2030. Toward that end, the Chinese government is spending heavily on AI research and development (R&D) – but perhaps not as heavily as some have thought. This memo provides a provisional, open-source estimate of China’s spending.

AI Workforce Report Cover

Strengthening the U.S. AI Workforce (Sept 2019)

by Remco Zwetsloot, Roxanne Heston and Zachary Arnold

A sustained talent shortage could undermine U.S. strength in artificial intelligence; current immigration policies would make it worse. Read our recommendations for bolstering U.S. leadership in AI research and practice. 

Immigration Policy and the US AI Sector

Immigration Policy and the U.S. AI Sector (Sept 2019)

by Zachary Arnold, Roxanne Heston, Remco Zwetsloot and Tina Huang

As the artificial intelligence field becomes more developed globally, the United States will continue to rely on foreign AI talent to stay ahead of the curve. Here are our preliminary recommendations to maintain current U.S. leadership, bolster the domestic AI workforce and improve the outlook for the future.

China's Access to Foreign AI Technology

China’s Access to Foreign AI Technology (Sept 2019)

by William C. Hannas and Huey-meei Chang

China is broadening its deeply rooted technology transfer practices to include artificial intelligence. As these efforts bear fruit, we discuss how the United States can and should respond.