Global China — Assessing China’s technological reach in the world

May 8, 2020

The Brookings Institution hosted this webinar following the launch of the Global China technology collaboration between Brookings and CSET. Read the reports here and watch the full event.

China’s ambition to “catch up with and surpass” the West in advanced technologies, as well as concerns about how Beijing may deploy or exploit such technologies, have become significant drivers of geopolitical competition. While the United States has maintained a technological edge for decades, China has made major investments and implemented policies that have bolstered its economic growth, military capability, and global influence. Nevertheless, there is significant debate about the gap between China’s technological ambitions and achievements, and the long-term prospects for its development of key technologies.

Foreign Policy at Brookings hosted a virtual event to explore these and other questions. This virtual event consisted of two panels that address issues surrounding the global technology infrastructure and U.S.-China technology competition. This event complements the next installment of papers as part of the Brookings series on “Global China: Assessing China’s Growing Role in the World.”

Analysis in this release focuses on technology competition between the United States and China, as well as China’s ambitions and development of 5G wireless technology, artificial intelligence, financial technology, biotechnology, surveillance technologies, technology alliance management, space technology, and regulation of leading U.S. technology companies.


  • Introductory Remarks
    • John R. Allen, President, Brookings
    • Jason Matheny, Director, CSET
  • Panel: Global Technology Infrastructure
    • Moderator: Chris Meserole, Deputy Director, Brookings
    • Aaron Klein, Brookings
    • Nicol Turner Lee, Brookings
    • Carrick Flynn, CSET
    • Frank Rose, Brookings
    • Sheena Chestnut Greitens, Brookings
  • Panel: U.S.-China Technological Competition
    • Moderator: Tarun Chhabra, CSET/Brookings
    • Michael Brown, Defense Innovation Unit
    • Tom Wheeler, Brookings
    • Elsa Kania, Center for a New American Security
    • Andrew Imbrie, CSET
    • Scott Moore, University of Pennsylvani

Kalaris Conference

September 25, 2019

Shanahan Matheny

The 2019 George T. Kalaris Intelligence Conference was jointly organized by the Center for Security and Emerging Technology (CSET) and the Center for Security Studies; both are part of Georgetown University’s Walsh School of Foreign Service. More than a dozen speakers provided insights on this year’s theme, “Artificial Intelligence and National Security.” Among the experts were keynote speakers Sue Gordon, who until the summer of 2019 was Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence, and Lt. Gen. Jack Shanahan, director of the U.S. Defense Department’s Joint Artificial Intelligence Center. Their message was clear: national and international security are increasingly reliant on artificial intelligence, but U.S. security interests will suffer if the United States doesn’t work with its allies to invest wisely in AI capabilities.

If you missed the conference, check out the livestream recording to see video of fireside chats, interviews and panels:

Welcome Remarks

  • Ellen McCarthy, Assistant Secretary of State, Bureau of Intelligence and Research
  • Keir Lieber, Director, Center for Security Studies

Keynote: Why AI Matters for Intelligence

  • Sue Gordon, Former Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence

Panel 1: International Cooperation and Competition in AI

  • Tarun Chhabra, Center for Security and Emerging Technology
  • Fiona Cunningham, George Washington University
  • Matt Daniels, Department of Defense
  • Mike Horowitz, University of Pennsylvania
  • Stephanie O’Sullivan, Former Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence and CSET Distinguished Fellow

Keynote Interview

  • Gen. Jack Shanahan, Director, DoD Joint Artificial Intelligence Center
  • Jason Matheny, Director, Center for Security and Emerging Technology

Panel 2: Should AI companies work with government?

  • Jack Clark, OpenAI and CSET Research Fellow
  • Richard Danzig, 71st Secretary of the Navy
  • Melissa Flagg, Center for Security and Emerging Technology
  • Raj Shah,

Media Coverage

Learn more about the Kalaris Conference here.


Sue Gordon
Sue Gordon, Former Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence, delivered a keynote address at the conference.